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Tips for the Senior or Disabled Farmer: Strategies and Modifications

Considerations for Selecting the Ideal Irrigation System

Posted by on 8:34 am in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Considerations for Selecting the Ideal Irrigation System

Irrigation is an essential aspect to consider when running an agricultural operation. This element is useful in delivering water artificially to the crops during periods of minimal rainfall. In addition, an irrigation plan is important if your farm is located in a relatively dry region. There are diverse irrigation options to consider in the modern industrial market before installation. Therefore, you should evaluate different products and compare the available features to ensure that the best scheme is selected. If you want to install a new irrigation system or upgrade your old one, consider these factors before making your final decision. Irrigation Pump The small irrigation systems used to water lawns can be operated by connecting the delivery systems to the water supply network. However, this is not a viable choice when you are dealing with a large-scale agricultural operation. You will require a pumping feature in your irrigation system to generate sufficient pressure for effective water delivery. In addition, there should be a reservoir such as a tank to hold the water, facilitating continuous flow. The main types of pumps include submersible, jet pumps and centrifugal pumps. A submersible pump is installed under the water surface, so it can be used to pump water from any depth. Jet pumps are designed to work with reservoirs that have varying water levels. Finally, the centrifugal pump is designed to pull up water, and it is favourable because it is inexpensive to purchase. You should discuss all these options with your irrigation services contractor. Delivery System The delivery system of an irrigation setup will determine the long-term efficiency of your farm. There are two primary delivery options to consider for your operation: sprinkler and drip. The sprinkler system is fabricated to provide the water by generating a spray and distributing it to the ground surface. It is an ideal choice for vegetable gardens because it will keep the leaves clean and prevent wilting. Unfortunately, the ground surface is constantly exposed to the sun, so the water evaporates fast. The drip system is more efficient because it delivers water in the soil, at the plants’ root level. This minimises losses by evaporation and guarantees maximum absorption by your plants. Timer and Sensor Features You should choose an irrigation system with timer and sensor features for maximum performance. The timer will allow you to programme the hours in which you want the water to be distributed on the farm. The sensors can detect changes in soil saturation, rainfall and even sunlight and adjustments can be made...

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Factors Considered During Water Testing

Posted by on 8:06 am in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Factors Considered During Water Testing

If you own a farm, you know that water is used in a variety of applications. Whether your water usage goes into irrigation, livestock watering or for drinking, it is pertinent to ensure that its quality is tested from time to time. This water testing enables you to make decisions pertaining to how you use it and what measures you need to take to ensure that it remains safe for consumption. Most farm owners will get their water supply from dugouts, wells or natural sources such as ponds and rivers. Monitoring the quality of this water plays an important role in ensuring that your sources are both reliable as well as safe. Here are some of the factors that are considered during water testing. The turbidity of the water The term turbidity makes reference to particulate matter that will be found suspended in a fluid. This particulate matter functions towards scattering the light beams that fall onto the fluid. To test for water turbidity, a light is shone onto the water to measure nephelometric turbidity units. Typically, the less the turbidity units measures, the cleaner the water is. The amount of dissolved oxygen in the water Natural water sources tend to support a host of aquatic life systems. These life systems rely on oxygen for their survival. For instance, if you are rearing fish on your farm, then you should ensure that the amount of oxygen present is sufficient for them to thrive in the water. Generally, moving water will have more dissolved oxygen, making it a better source of water than stagnant water. Field kits are what are typically used to measure the amount of dissolved oxygen in your water sources. The PH levels of the water PH refers to the acidity or alkalinity of your water. PH units that are low translate into acidic water whereas higher units denote alkaline water. It is recommended to have the PH levels of your water checked on a regular basis to take note of any changes that may be occurring. You can opt to test the PH of your water yourself using electronic PH metres. Alternatively, you can have the water testing experts come in and do this for you for an accurate reading. The temperature of the water Another pertinent factor in water testing is the temperature. Drastic temperature changes in your water can negatively affect any lifeforms that may be living in the water. For instance, when industries make use of natural water sources as a cooling agent then release this water back into the ecosystem, the high temperatures will wreak havoc on both plant and animal life. High water temperatures may also be indicative of pollution, and this may mean the water is not safe for consumption. To schedule a water test, contact a professional service like Agrifood...

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